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Palmetto St. Augustine


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Palmetto is the versatile turfgrass. It is primarily used for residential and commercial sites. The grass has an emerald green color and a massive root system, which make it drought and cold tolerant. Palmetto can thrive within a wide range of climate and soil conditions.

Palmetto St. Augustine Specs

  • Emerald green color
  • Finer texture than other St. Augustine varieties, wide leaf blades (8-9mm)
  • Grows from above-ground runners (stolens)
  • High shade tolerance, more than Raleigh St. Augustine
  • Grows at a lower height than Raleigh if not maintained
  • Excellent cold tolerance; it can stand up to temperatures near 0°F
  • High drought tolerance once established due to massive root system
  • Excellent salt tolerance

Palmetto St. Augustine Care

  • In Spring and Summer, mow 2-2.5″ every 7-10 days or as needed, slightly higher in shade. Can mow to 1.5″ if mowings are more frequent. Do not scalp. Never remove more than 1/3 of leaf blade in any single mowing. In Fall and Winter, mow every 10-14 days or as needed.
  • In Spring and Summer, apply fertilizer after danger of frost or in mid-February in frost-free areas. Use balanced time-released fertilizer, such as 16-4-8 (N-P-K). Can use products with iron to improve color. Perform soil analysis for best results.
  • In Fall, use balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10. Can use products with iron to improve color.
  • In Winter, fertilizer is not recommended except in South Texas (frost-free areas). Perform soil analysis for best results.
  • At least 1″ of water weekly is recommended to keep optimal appearance and to resist disease and pests. However, in periods of drought or high temperatures, grass will need to be watered more often. Water when leaf blades wilt.

Palmetto St. Augustine Turfgrass Sod

Palmetto St. Augustine has a finer textured leaf and stolon when compared to Raleigh. This tighter leaf spacing gives it a thicker look. St. Augustine grasses in general are known for their shade tolerance, and Palmetto has exceptional shade tolerance, even when compared to the most shade tolerant varieties of St. Augustine. In fact, this is the primary reason why palmetto was initially developed in both field shade tests under trees and laboratory testing under canopies of mesh. When several other varieties of St. Augustine gradually declined, Palmetto sod thickness decreased only slightly and maintained a pleasing overall appearance with consistent color among areas exposed varying amounts of light. Palmetto St. Augustine grass can perform well in shaded areas but must be established and maintained properly. Please note that like all turfgrass Palmetto is a living plant, not a miracle grass.

Palmetto will remain green longer than any other variety of St. Augustine, and will stay green much longer than Bermuda grass. Palmetto also greens up very early in the spring. Palmetto has demonstrated very good drought tolerance in field tests (

Potential disease problems are gray leaf spot in the summer and brown patch in the fall; both of these diseases are enhanced by overwatering and after fertilization. Potential insect problems include chinch bugs. This insect becomes active during hot dry periods. They are first detected by brown patches in the lawn that do not recover after watering. A variety of liquid and granular insecticides are available to control chinch bugs. Make an application to the entire lawn and water thoroughly to eliminate the problem.

Palmetto St. Augustine is the most sold patented turfgrass in the world with more than 1 Billion square feet sold. Selected for better color and finer texture. Palmetto demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat and drought tolerance. This versatile turfgrass is used across the southern United States from the Carolinas to California under a wide range of climate and soil conditions making it the ideal choice for residential and commercial use. Palmetto St. Augustine is a proven versatile grass that is a standard in many regions.

Characteristics Aesthetics

  • Uses: Commercial, Sports/Parks, Home
  • Color: Emerald-Gree
  • Blade-width: 8-9 mm
  • Feel: Soft
  • Fall Color Retention: Excellent
  • Spring Green Up: Very Good


  • Soils: Sand, Clay, Muck
  • Growth: Stolons
  • Wear: Good
  • Injury Recovery: Very Good
  • Insect Resistance: Average
  • Diesease Resistance: Good


  • Heat: Excellent
  • Cold: Very Good
  • Shade: Very Good
  • Drought: Good
  • Salt: Very Good


  • Mower: Standard Rotary
  • Height: 1.5-2.5″
  • Weed Control: Good